Other Weapons


The other weapons are trained mainly for interest only.  They do not have a substantial place in the context of modern self defence requirements.  They do have a place in the traditional context and for combat.


It is often claimed that the sai originated in the 15th century in Okinawa.  The sai is a weapon that has gained in popularity because of its practicality and effectiveness in the martial arts, particularly those from Okinawa.  The sai was originally used to plant rice, and is still in use for that purpose in some parts of the world today.

The Indonesians use the same weapon which they call "cabang".  The use of the cabang probably predates the Okinawan usage and some argue that it was from Indonesia that it spread to the Phillipines, Okinawa and elsewhere.  The cabang was a simple farm implement that the peasants turned to their advantage if nothing else was available.  Usually, though not necessarily, the cabang are used in pairs, with a third cabang often worn in the sarong and used to replace one that was thrown at the enemy.  If the throw was successful, the fight could be over immediately.  If not, the distraction could be just enough to gain the advantage to get close enough to stab with the cabang or to counter an attack.  Further, it could simply be a replacement for a weapon lost in the midst of combat.

In Indonesia there was often a heavy cabang used for blocking and a lighter version used for striking; they were not necessarily of the same dimensions.


The sarong is a clothing item that can be effectively used in locking (kunci) and controlling techniques.  Ropes and chains are suitable substitutes for some sarong techniques.


These are similar to a machete and can be used singularly or in pairs.  Training with these is really for interest only.


The pisau is a short bladed knife.